SIC Codes in Category M: Professional, scientific and technical activities

Mxxxxx
Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities

This section includes specialised professional, scientific and technical activities. These activities require a high degree of training, and make specialised knowledge and skills available to users.

Codes in this category used at Companies House
M69xxx
Legal and Accounting Activities

This division includes legal representation of one party's interest against another party, whether or not before courts or other judicial bodies by, or under supervision of, persons who are members of the bar, such as advice and representation in civil cases, advice and representation in criminal actions, advice and representation in connection with labour disputes. It also includes preparation of legal documents such as articles of incorporation, partnership agreements or similar documents in connection with company formation, patents and copyrights, preparation of deeds, wills, trusts, etc. as well as other activities of notaries public, civil law notaries, bailiffs, arbitrators, examiners and referees. It also includes accounting and bookkeeping services such as auditing of accounting records, preparing financial statements and bookkeeping.

Codes in this category used at Companies House
M691xx
Legal Activities
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M6910x
Legal Activities
Includes
  • legal representation of one party's interest against another party, whether or not before courts or other judicial bodies by, or under supervision of, persons who are members of the bar:
    • advice and representation in civil cases
    • advice and representation in criminal cases
    • advice and representation in connection with labour disputes
  • general counselling and advising, preparation of legal documents:
    • articles of incorporation, partnership agreements or similar documents in connection with company formation
    • patents and copyrights
    • preparation of deeds, wills, trusts etc.
  • other activities of notaries public, civil law notaries, bailiffs, arbitrators, examiners and referees
Excludes
  • law court activities, see 84.23
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M69101
Barristers at Law
Includes
  • members of the legal profession who have been called to the bar
  • Advocates of the Scottish Bar
Excludes
  • law court activities, see 84.23
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M69102
Solicitors
Includes
  • members of the legal profession qualified to deal with:
    • conveyancing
    • drawing up of wills
    • advising clients on legal matters
    • instructing barristers, etc.
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M69109
Activities of Patent and Copyright Agents; Other Legal Activities (Other Than Those of Barristers and Solicitors) Not Elsewhere Classified
Includes
  • preparation, drawing up and certification activities
  • the provision of advice regarding patents and copyrights
  • other legal activities not elsewhere classified
  • activities of notaries, bailiffs, arbitrators, examiners and referees etc.
Excludes
  • law court activities, see 84.23
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M692xx
Accounting, Bookkeeping and Auditing Activities; Tax Consultancy
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M6920x
Accounting, Bookkeeping and Auditing Activities; Tax Consultancy
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M69201
Accounting, and Auditing Activities
Includes
  • preparation or auditing of financial accounts
  • examination of accounts and certification of their accuracy
Excludes
  • management consultancy on accounting systems, budgetary control procedures, see 70.22
  • bill collection, see 82.91
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M69202
Bookkeeping Activities
Includes
  • recording of commercial transactions from businesses or others
Excludes
  • data-processing and tabulation activities, see 63.11
  • management consultancy on accounting systems, budgetary control procedures, see 70.22
  • bill collection, see 82.91
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M69203
Tax Consultancy
Includes
  • preparation of personal and business income tax returns
  • advisory activities and representation on behalf of clients before tax authorities
Excludes
  • data-processing and tabulation activities, see 63.11
  • management consultancy on accounting systems, budgetary control procedures, see 70.22
  • bill collection, see 82.91
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M70xxx
Activities of Head Offices; Management Consultancy Activities

This division includes the provision of advice and assistance to businesses and other organisations on management issues, such as strategic and organisational planning; financial planning and budgeting; marketing objectives and policies; human resource policies, practices, and planning; production scheduling; and control planning. It also includes the overseeing and managing of other units of the same company or enterprise, i.e. the activities of head offices.

Codes in this category used at Companies House
M701xx
Activities of Head Offices
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M7010x
Activities of Head Offices

This class includes the overseeing and managing of other units of the company or enterprise; undertaking the strategic or organisational planning and decision making role of the company or enterprise; exercising operational control and managing the day-to-day operations of their related units.

Includes
  • head offices
  • centralised administrative offices
  • corporate offices
  • district and regional offices
  • subsidiary management offices
Excludes
  • activities of holding companies, not engaged in managing, see 64.20
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M702xx
Management Consultancy Activities
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M7021x
Public Relations and Communication Activities

This class includes the provision of advice, guidance and operational assistance, including lobbying activities, to businesses and other organisations on public relations and communication.

Excludes
  • advertising agencies and media representation services, see 73.1
  • market research and public opinion polling, see 73.20
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M7022x
Business and Other Management Consultancy Activities
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M70221
Financial Management

This subclass includes the provision of advice, guidance and operational assistance to businesses and other organisations on issues such as cost reduction and other financial issues; compensation and retirement strategies.

Includes
  • advice, guidance or operational assistance to businesses and the public service regarding: design of accounting methods or procedures, cost accounting programmes, budgetary control procedures
Excludes
  • design of computer software for accounting systems, see 62.01
  • accounting, bookkeeping and auditing activities, tax consulting, see 69.20
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M70229
Management Consultancy Activities (Other Than Financial Management)

This subclass includes the provision of advice, guidance and operational assistance to businesses and other organisations on management issues, such as corporate strategic and organisational planning, business process re-engineering, change management, marketing objectives and policies; human resource policies, practices and planning; production scheduling and control planning.

Includes
  • advice and help to businesses and public services in planning, organisation, efficiency and control, management information etc.
Excludes
  • legal advice and representation, see 69.10
  • architectural and engineering advisory activities, see 71.11, 71.12
  • environmental, agronomy, security and similar consulting activities, see 74.90
  • executive placement or search consulting activities, see 78.10
  • educational consulting activities, see 85.60
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M71xxx
Architectural and Engineering Activities; Technical Testing and Analysis

This division includes the provision of architectural services, engineering services, drafting services, building inspection services and surveying and mapping services. It also includes the performance of physical, chemical, and other analytical testing services.

Codes in this category used at Companies House
M711xx
Architectural and Engineering Activities and Related Technical Consultancy

This group includes the provision of architectural services, engineering services, drafting services, building inspection services and surveying and mapping services and the like.

Codes in this category used at Companies House
M7111x
Architectural Activities
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M71111
Architectural Activities
Includes
  • architectural consulting activities:
    • building design and drafting
    • supervision of construction
Excludes
  • activities of computer consultants, see 62.02, 62.09
  • interior decorating, see 74.10
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M71112
Urban Planning and Landscape Architectural Activities
Includes
  • town and city planning and landscape architecture
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M7112x
Engineering Activities and Related Technical Consultancy
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M71121
Engineering Design Activities for Industrial Process and Production

This subclass comprises engineering design (i.e. applying physical laws and principles of engineering in the design of machines, materials, instruments, structures, processes and systems) for industrial process and production.

Includes
  • drawing up of preliminary drafts, project development, specification of plans of execution or exact specifications on behalf of the contracting authority for the construction of industrial process and production
Excludes
  • industrial design, see 74.10
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M71122
Engineering Related Scientific and Technical Consulting Activities

This subclass comprises the provision of surveying and mapping services and the like.

Includes
  • geophysical, geologic and seismic surveying
  • geological and prospecting activities: surface measurements and observations designed to yield information on sub-surface structure and the location of petroleum, natural gas and mineral deposits and of ground water
  • geodetic surveying activities:
    • land and boundary surveying activities
    • hydrologic surveying activities
    • subsurface surveying activities
    • cartographic and spatial information activities
Excludes
  • test drilling in connection with mining operations, see 09.10, 09.90
  • development or publishing of associated software, see 58.29, 62.01
  • activities of computer consultants, see 62.02, 62.09
  • technical testing, see 71.20
  • research and development activities related to engineering, see 72.19
  • aerial photography, see 74.20
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M71129
Other Engineering Activities (Not Including Engineering Design for Industrial Process and Production or Engineering Related Scientific and Technical Consulting Activities)

This subclass comprises the provision of architectural engineering services, drafting services, building inspection services and surveying and mapping services and the like.

Includes
  • engineering design (i.e. applying physical laws and principles of engineering in the design of machines, materials, instruments, structures, processes and systems) and consulting activities for:
    • projects involving civil engineering, hydraulic engineering, traffic engineering
    • projects elaboration and realisation relative to electrical and electronic engineering, mining engineering, chemical engineering, mechanical, industrial and systems engineering, safety engineering
    • water management projects
  • elaboration of projects using air conditioning, refrigeration, sanitary and pollution control engineering, acoustical engineering etc.
  • machinery and industrial plan design, other than for industrial process and production
  • integrated engineering activities for turnkey projects
Excludes
  • engineering design activities for industrial process and production, see 71.12/1
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M712xx
Technical Testing and Analysis
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M7120x
Technical Testing and Analysis
Includes
  • performance of physical, chemical and other analytical testing of all types of materials and products, such as:
    • acoustics and vibration testing
    • testing of composition and purity of minerals etc.
    • testing activities in the field of food hygiene, including veterinary testing and control in relation to food production
    • testing of physical characteristics and performance of materials, such as strength, thickness, durability, radioactivity etc.
    • qualification and reliability testing
    • performance testing of complete machinery: motors, automobiles, electronic equipment etc.
    • radiographic testing of welds and joints
    • failure analysis
    • testing and measuring of environmental indicators: air and water pollution etc.
  • certification of products, including consumer goods, motor vehicles, aircraft, pressurised containers, nuclear plants etc.
  • periodic road-safety testing of motor vehicles
  • testing with use of models or mock-ups (e.g. of aircraft, ships, dams etc.)
  • operation of police laboratories
Excludes
  • testing of animal specimens, see 75.00
  • diagnostic imaging, testing and analysis of medical and dental specimens, see 86
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M72xxx
Scientific Research and Development

This division includes the activities of three types of research and development: 1) basic research: experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundations of phenomena and observable facts, without particular application or use in view, 2) applied research: original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective and 3) experimental development: systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, directed to producing new materials, products and devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, and to improving substantially those already produced or installed. Research and experimental development activities in this division are subdivided into two categories: natural sciences and engineering; social sciences and the humanities.

Excludes
  • market research, see 73.20
M721xx
Research and Experimental Development on Natural Sciences and Engineering

This group comprises basic research, applied research, experimental development in natural sciences and engineering.

Codes in this category used at Companies House
M7211x
Research and Experimental Development on Biotechnology

This class includes research and experimental development on biotechnology.

Includes
  • DNA/RNA: genomics, pharmacogenomics, gene probes, genetic engineering, DNA/RNA sequencing/synthesis/amplification, gene expression profiling, and use of antisense technology
  • proteins and other molecules: sequencing/synthesis/engineering of proteins and peptides (including large molecule hormones); improved delivery methods for large molecule drugs; proteomics, protein isolation and purification, signalling, identification of cell receptors
  • cell and tissue culture and engineering: cell/tissue culture, tissue engineering (including tissue scaffolds and biomedical engineering), cellular fusion, vaccine/immune stimulants, embryo manipulation
  • process biotechnology techniques: fermentation using bioreactors, bioprocessing, bioleaching,
  • biopulping, biobleaching, biodesulphurisation, bioremediation, biofiltration and phytoremediation
  • gene and RNA vectors: gene therapy, viral vectors
  • bioinformatics: construction of databases on genomes, protein sequences; modelling complex biological processes, including systems biology
  • nanobiotechnology: applies the tools and processes of nano/microfabrication to build devices for studying biosystems and applications in drug delivery, diagnostics etc.
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M7219x
Other Research and Experimental Development on Natural Sciences and Engineering
Includes
  • research and experimental development on natural science and engineering other than biotechnological research and experimental development:
    • research and development on natural sciences
    • research and development on engineering and technology
    • research and development on medical sciences
    • research and development on agricultural sciences
    • interdisciplinary research and development, predominantly on natural sciences and engineering
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M722xx
Research and Experimental Development on Social Sciences and Humanities
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M7220x
Research and Experimental Development on Social Sciences and Humanities
Includes
  • research and development on social sciences
  • research and development on humanities
  • interdisciplinary research and development, predominantly on social sciences and humanities
Excludes
  • market research, see 73.20
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M73xxx
Advertising and Market Research

This division includes the creation of advertising campaigns and placement of such advertising in periodicals, newspapers, radio and television, or other media as well as the design of display structures and sites.

Codes in this category used at Companies House
M731xx
Advertising
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M7311x
Advertising Agencies

This class includes the provision of a full range of advertising services (i.e., through in-house capabilities or subcontracting), including advice, creative services, production of advertising material, and buying.

Includes
  • creation and realisation of advertising campaigns:
    • creating and placing advertising in newspapers, periodicals, radio, television, the Internet and other media
    • creating and placing of outdoor advertising, e.g. billboards, panels, bulletins and frames, window dressing, showroom design, car and bus carding etc.
    • aerial advertising
    • distribution or delivery of advertising material or samples
    • creation of stands and other display structures and sites
  • conducting marketing campaigns and other advertising services aimed at attracting and retaining customers
    • promotion of products
    • point-of-sale marketing
    • direct mail advertising
    • marketing consulting
Excludes
  • publishing of advertising material, see 58.19
  • production of commercial messages for television and film, see 59.11
  • production of commercial messages for radio, see 59.20
  • market research, see 73.20
  • advertising photography, see 74.20
  • convention and trade show organisers, see 82.30
  • mailing activities, see 82.19
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M7312x
Media Representation
Includes
  • media representation, i.e. sale or re-sale of time and space for various media soliciting advertising
Excludes
  • sale of advertising time or space directly by owners of the time or space (publishers etc.), see the corresponding activity class
  • public-relations activities, see 70.21
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M732xx
Market Research and Public Opinion Polling
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M7320x
Market Research and Public Opinion Polling
Includes
  • investigation into market potential, awareness, acceptance and familiarity of goods and services and buying habits of consumers for the purpose of sales promotion and development of new goods and services, including statistical analyses of the results
  • investigation into collective opinions of the public about political, economic and social issues and statistical analysis thereof
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M74xxx
Other Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities

This division includes the provision of professional scientific and technical services (except legal and accounting activities; architecture and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis; management and management consultancy activities; research and development and advertising activities).

Codes in this category used at Companies House
M741xx
Specialised Design Activities
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M7410x
Specialised Design Activities
Includes
  • fashion design related to textiles, wearing apparel, shoes, jewellery, furniture and other interior decoration and other fashion goods as well as other personal or household goods
  • industrial design, i.e. creating and developing designs and specifications that optimise the use, value and appearance of products, including the determination of the materials, mechanism, shape, colour and surface finishes of the product, taking into consideration human characteristics and needs, safety, market appeal in distribution, use and maintenance
  • activities of graphic designers
  • activities of interior decorators
Excludes
  • design and programming of web pages, see 62.01
  • architectural design, see 71.11
  • engineering design, i.e. applying physical laws and principles of engineering in the design of machines, materials, instruments, structures, processes and systems, see 71.12
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M742xx
Photographic Activities
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M7420x
Photographic Activities
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M74201
Portrait Photographic Activities
Includes
  • portrait photography for passports, schools, weddings etc.
Excludes
  • operation of coin operated (self-service) photo machines, see 96.09
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M74202
Other Specialist Photography (Not Including Portrait Photography)
Includes
  • aerial photography
  • photographing of persons, objects or scenery using special apparatus and techniques e.g.
    • underwater photography
    • medical and biological photography
    • photomicrography
    • microfilming of documents
Excludes
  • cartographic and spatial information activities, see 71.12
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M74203
Film Processing
Includes
  • developing, printing and enlarging from client-taken negatives or cine-films
  • film developing and photo printing laboratories
  • one hour photo shops (not part of camera stores)
  • mounting of slides
  • copying and restoring or transparency retouching in connection with photographs
Excludes
  • processing motion picture film related to the motion picture and television industries, see 59.12
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M74209
Other Photographic Activities (Not Including Portrait and Other Specialist Photography and Film Processing) Not Elsewhere Classified
Includes
  • photography for commercials, publishers, fashion, real estate or tourism purposes
  • videotaping of events: weddings, meetings etc.
  • activities of photojournalists
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M743xx
Translation and Interpretation Activities
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M7430x
Translation and Interpretation Activities
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M749xx
Other Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities Not Elsewhere Classified
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M7490x
Other Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities Not Elsewhere Classified

This class includes a great variety of service activities generally delivered to commercial clients. It includes those activities for which more advanced professional, scientific and technical skill levels are required, but does not include ongoing, routine business functions that are generally of short duration.

Codes in this category used at Companies House
M74901
Environmental Consulting Activities
Includes
  • consulting activities for environmental projects
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M74902
Quantity Surveying Activities
Excludes
  • research and development activities, see 72
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M74909
Other Professional, Scientific and Technical Activities (Not Including Environmental Consultancy or Quantity Surveying) Not Elsewhere Classified
Includes
  • business brokerage activities, i.e. arranging for the purchase and sale of small and medium-sized businesses, including professional practices, but not including real estate brokerage
  • patent brokerage activities (arranging for the purchase and sale of patents)
  • appraisal activities other than for real estate and insurance (for antiques, jewellery, etc.)
  • bill auditing and freight rate information
  • weather forecasting activities
  • security consultants
  • agronomy consulting
  • other technical consulting
  • activities of consultants other than architecture, engineering, environment and management consultants
  • activities carried out by agents and agencies on behalf of individuals usually involving the obtaining of engagements in motion picture, theatrical production or other entertainment or sports attractions and the placement of books, plays, artworks, photographs etc., with publishers, producers etc.
Excludes
  • wholesale of used motor vehicles by auctioning, see 45.1
  • online auction activities (retail), see 47.91
  • activities of auctioning houses (retail), see 47.79
  • activities of real estate brokers, see 68.31
  • activities of environmental consultants, see 74.90/1
  • activities of quantity surveyors, see 74.90/2
  • bookkeeping activities, see 69.20
  • activities of management consultants, see 70.22
  • activities of architecture and engineering consultants, see 71.1
  • industrial and machinery design, see 71.12, 74.10
  • veterinary testing and control in relation to food production, see 71.20
  • display of advertisement and other advertising design, see 73.11
  • creation of stands and other display structures and sites, see 73.11
  • activities of convention and trade show organisers, see 82.30
  • activities of independent auctioneers, see 82.99
  • administration of loyalty programmes, see 82.99
  • consumer credit and debt counselling, see 88.99
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M75xxx
Veterinary Activities

This division includes the provision of animal health care and control activities for farm animals or pet animals. These activities are carried out by qualified veterinarians in veterinary hospitals as well as when visiting farms, kennels or homes, in own consulting and surgery rooms or elsewhere. It also includes animal ambulance activities.

Codes in this category used at Companies House
M750xx
Veterinary Activities
Codes in this category used at Companies House
M7500x
Veterinary Activities

These activities are carried out by qualified veterinarians when working in veterinary hospitals as well as when visiting farms, kennels or homes, in own consulting and surgery rooms or elsewhere.

Includes
  • animal health care and control activities for farm animals
  • animal health care and control activities for pet animals
  • activities of veterinary assistants or other auxiliary veterinary personnel
  • clinico-pathological and other diagnostic activities pertaining to animals
  • animal ambulance activities
Excludes
  • farm animal boarding activities without health care, see 01.62
  • sheep shearing, see 01.62
  • herd testing services, droving services, agistment activities, poultry caponising, see 01.62
  • activities related to artificial insemination, see 01.62
  • pet animal boarding activities without health care, see 96.09
Codes in this category used at Companies House

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